Review of GST Distribution
The Gillard Government has commissioned a review of the distribution of revenue from the Goods and Services Tax to the States and Territories.
We have appointed Nick Greiner, John Brumby and Bruce Carter to conduct the review.
The review will lead to a simpler, fairer, more predictable and more efficient distribution of the GST to States and Territories.
Instead of States facing penalties for economic growth and rewards for economic underperformance, the GST distribution process should encourage economic reform and better delivery of services, and provide States with certainty.
This will build a stronger Australian economy and make for better, more efficient delivery of essential services like schools and hospitals.
Under any changes that might be considered by the Government, we will ensure that smaller States continue to receive a fair share of GST revenue, and that States with larger economies are not unfairly penalised for success.
At present, there are a number of elements of the distribution arrangements that could be improved. Under the current arrangements, there is:
· Not enough incentive for reform – currently underperformance in service delivery and economic growth can be rewarded. As far as possible, States should not be put in the position where they can be penalised for investing in economic growth and improved service delivery.
· A need for more certainty and predictability – currently States can be hit with unexpected shocks to their finances.
· The potential for greater simplicity – current arrangements are complex and accordingly not very transparent.
The incentive for states to pursue reforms which get the best performance from their economies can be excessively dulled by the current arrangements for distributing revenue gains away to other states.
On the other hand, major errors in economic management that lead to sustained slow growth in a way that hurts a state’s ongoing ability to raise revenue can be compensated.
States should have an incentive to invest in economic reform; they shouldn’t be unfairly punished for success.
As well as structural problems that need to be addressed, the Gillard Government recognises the impact of shifts in our economy over time.
In particular, we recognise growth in the mining sector is increasing the discrepancy in the amounts of revenue raised by States and Territories, as well as making it more difficult to anticipate GST distribution from one year to the next.
A key principle of GST distribution is that States and Territories have the ability to provide broadly equivalent services in areas such as education, health and public transport.
This is especially important given the differences in the cost of providing services between regions.
The Review will be advised by a Heads of Treasuries Advisory Committee comprising representatives from all States and Territories, and will seek submissions from the public. It will be supported by a secretariat within the Commonwealth Treasury, with representation from the States and Territories as well as other agencies as appropriate.
The Review will provide an interim report to the Treasurer by February 2012 and a final report by September 2012.
The Commonwealth Grants Commission will continue to serve as the independent umpire and make recommendations on the distribution of GST revenue.
The Federal Government will request the CGC to update its methodology to reflect any agreed recommendations from the Review.
The Review will not affect the distribution of the GST revenue in 2011-12 or 2012-13.