Confidential briefing notes released under the Freedom of Information Act show Treasury is concerned mainstream retailers are not fully passing on savings they have made from the higher dollar.
“The fact that a high exchange rate shifts spending from domestic to foreign sources and increases competitive pressures on businesses that face foreign competition is an integral part of its role,” says an executive minute to Treasurer Wayne Swan dated November 2.
“If measures are taken to protect domestic businesses from these effects, the exchange rate will be less effective in dampening inflation. This may mean that monetary policy needs to do more than otherwise, which would further appreciate the currency, and force more of the burden of adjustment onto other sectors.”
“While retailers argue that they only seek equal GST treatment for imports, it is not possible to collect GST on all imports without imposing significant costs on importers,” the minute says.
At the moment overseas orders of less than $1000 are exempt from the 10 per cent goods and services tax... and also an import duty of up to 5 per cent where it applies.
Retailers including Harvey Norman and Myer and the retail workers union want the exemption scrapped to protect them from what they say is unfair competition.
But Treasury has told Mr Swan the exemption may be “inconsequential” and has commissioned its own survey to make the point.
It finds that while a Toshiba laptop sells in retail stores for $1340 retail it can be bought online through an Australian website that pays GST for $967.
A Panasonic digital camera that sells for up to $487 at Myer can be bought online from a GST-free website for $287, a price that would remain much cheaper even if GST was charged.
“The absence of GST and customs duty is unlikely to be the main reason for strong price competition,” an October 2010 minute says.
“Since the beginning of 2010 the $A has appreciated 11 per cent against the $US, 13 per cent against the Euro and 11 per cent against the pound. If local retailers have not passed on their own exchange rate savings in their local retail prices of imported goods, price differentials will be exacerbated.”
Lowering the $1000 tax-free threshold would require every good above the new threshold to be “stopped, assessed and have tax collected before forwarding to the addressee”.
If the current arrangements applied they would also be subject to a $42 to $65 import processing fee and possible customers brokerage of at least $100.
The Productivity Commission has begun an inquiry into retail competition and reported earlier this year that even a large reduction in the GST-free threshold might not make a "significant impact" on the competition facing big retailers.
Preliminary data from Customs showed the average value of parcels claiming the GST exemption was "less than $100" - well below the the $1000 threshold the retailers want to cut.
. Julia to Gerry - tell 'im his dreamin'
. Bleak Christmas. And its about to get worse